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標題: [其他花邊新聞] Chinese firm claims ownership of iconic black hole shot, backlash causes closure [打印本頁]

作者: Quest    時間: 2019-4-12 06:02     標題: Chinese firm claims ownership of iconic black hole shot, backlash causes closure

Chinese firm claims ownership of iconic black hole shot, backlash causes closure

When we feasted our eyes on the first-ever image of a black hole this week, scientists celebrated, the general public were reminded of how far scientific research can take us, and a Chinese company decided to slap a copyright label on the now acclaimed, historical shot.
Visual China Group, China's largest provider of photographic images and sometimes referred to as the "Getty of China," was forced to temporarily close down after reports emerged suggesting the company had decided the copyright -- and due payments for usage -- were its prerogative.
The image of the black hole actually belongs to the European Southern Observatory (ESO) and has been published under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
It is the first example we have of a black hole, not only 6.5 billion times as large as our sun, but also 55 million light-years away from Earth.

EHT Collaboration | ESO | Event Horizon Telescope project
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"Unless specifically noted, the images, videos, and music distributed on the public ESO website, along with the texts of press releases, announcements, pictures of the week, blog posts and captions, are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, and may on a non-exclusive basis be reproduced without fee provided the credit is clear and visible," the organization says.
Alongside the black hole photograph, Visual China Group also raised the ire of users for watermarking China's national flag, emblem, Mao's portrait, and a variety of company logos.   
   
Visual China Group, which uses the subdomain name Getty Images on its Weibo account, apologized on Friday for lax image processing and added that the company had obtained a non-exclusive editing license from ESO's Event Horizon Telescope project for media use.
The image was put up for sale without attribution, and met widespread condemnation from Chinese citizens and beyond.
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"These problems reveal that we have weak links in management, and we apologize for this!," VCG said. "At present, the company has taken measures to deal with the non-compliance pictures, and voluntarily close the website in accordance with relevant laws and regulations to carry out rectification, further strengthen corporate self-discipline, strengthen system construction, improve the quality of content review, and avoid similar situations."
The audacious claims made in relation to the black hole image have been made more embarrassing due to the image's high profile and comes at a time when China is attempting to clean up its image in the intellectual property protection area.
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The country is attempting to improve foreign investment law to protect the IP of foreign companies and encourage trade without the risk of IP theft. President Xi Jinping said in 2017 that future IP infringers would pay a "heavy price" for IP abuse.
作者: Quest    時間: 2019-4-12 06:04

【「視覺中國」稱黑洞照片版權捱罵】
【共青團中央再揭販賣國旗國徽圖片】
【 「國旗、國徽的版權也是貴公司?」】
人類首張黑洞照片發布,激發內地網民創作,各式各樣的修圖爭相出現。不過就在此時,內地最大的商業圖片平台「視覺中國」第二天就將這張照片加上自己水印,放上網站出售。
職員起初指擁有圖片版權,即使是新聞媒體要使用這張照片,都要付費。隨後又改口,稱雖然沒有版權,但是通過法新社獲得黑洞相片的使用權:「它只要被創作出來一定有版權的,著作權法規定的,(版權)應該屬於那個項目組,它授權給合作的媒體,包括給合作的機構可以拿來使用、分發這張圖片。我們的合作伙伴拿到了這張相片,
然後就進入我們視覺中國的圖片庫。」
不過發布相片的歐洲南方天文台回應指,視覺中國的這種版權主張並不合法,他們從未、也不會將他們的圖片版權轉讓給其他個人或組織,而視覺中國亦從未就黑洞相片
聯繫過他們。歐洲南方天文台又指,只要標明來源,人人都可以免費複製使用黑洞相片。
而在事件發酵期間,視覺中國更被發現中國國旗及國徽的相片,竟然都被納入在圖片庫內,以150元至1000元賣給報紙同雜誌。連共青團中央都在微博上質疑,難道國旗、國徽的版權也是他們的?
有知識產權律師指出,視覺中國出售沒有版權的相片是違法,國旗、國徽亦不得作商業用途:「這個它不能聲稱它有版權,國旗、國徽不是它設計的,這個是公事公用的
這個算公共標記,它沒有版權的。如果非商業用途,人人都可以用,如果是做商業用途,那是不行的。」
今次事件引起官方部門關注,國家版權局回應指,圖片公司要完善版權管理機制,不得濫用權利。
天津網信辦則責令視覺中國立即停止違法、違規行為,並成立工作督導組進駐網站,指導督促整改工作。
視覺中國亦發聲明致歉,指沒有盡到嚴格審核的職責,已將不合規圖片全部下架。

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